Obesity is one of the most serious health concerns for industrialized nations.
It is associated with many lifestyle diseases such as diabetes , atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease, risk of stroke, high blood pressure and joint problems.
One billion adults worldwide are estimated to have a body fat percentage of 20% above normal. In recent years, from 1980 until today, the percentage of obese people has tripled in industrialized nations.
Dividing the weight of a human situation in general, based on the BMI, the body mass index one. The Body Mass Index is calculated by the using the height and weight of a person.
BMI can lead to inaccurate results because body fat percentage is disregarded. Thus, even a very muscular man who is healthy but due to its relatively heavy muscle mass, could have a high BMI; however this doesn’t mean his overweight. If you’re BMI says:
- less than 20: Underweight
- 20-25: Ideal Weight
- 25-30: Overweight
- 30-40: Obese
- greater than 40: Severely Obese
You can calculate your BMI easily:
BMI is calculated using the formula – weight in kilograms divided by height squared. To work our your BMI, click this link, which will take you to the tool on the NHS website.
Please keep in mind that the BMI is a very limited tool, because it does not take into account your body composition. Brad Pitt famously had a BMI of 28 at the time he shot Fight Club.
This is because BMI simply looks at the relationship between height and weight and does not take into account body composition. Muscular men, who tend to be heavy for their height will therefore be evaluated overweight.
Obesity is mainly the result of an imbalance of energy consumption and calorie intake.
The calorie intake is increased in particular in fatty foods, because fat contains twice as many calories in 100 grams than proteins or carbohydrates. Only alcohol contains a similar amount of calories per gram as fat. Fat and alcohol should be reduced especially when dieting.
In order to achieve a reduction of the body fat to 500 grams per week, a person must save about 500 kcal per day, or with the same diet exercise to lose 500 kcal.
Most diets are not scientifically sound and are often one-sided. These one-sided diets (chocolate diet, grapefruit diet, etc.) should be avoided. These unbalanced diets lead invariably to deficiencies in essential vitamins, minerals, trace elements and amino acids. Even low-carb diets aren’t healthy: You should eat a balanced diet and eat a wide variety of foods.
Nevertheless, these diets, especially low-carb diets and formula diets are 1 the way to lose weight quickly. While on this diets a dietary supplements should be taken so that there is no deficiency of essential vitamins, minerals and trace elements.
Nutrient recommendations from the Burgerstein Nutrional Handbook 2 during a diet to support weight loss and health are:
- Multivitamin – multimineral: Guarantees that the body is provided during the diet with enough micronutrients. Prevents deficiency symptoms. During a diet these are especially beneficial:
- L-carnitine : obesity and a high fat diet increase the carnitine requirement. Obesity is normally associated with a low carnitine levels. carnitine improves the body’s ability to burn fat and helps (in addition to a low calorie diet), reduce body fat.
- Coenzyme Q10 : overweight people not only have too little L-carnitine, needed for burning fat in the cells, but also too little coenzyme Q10,
- Vitamin C (as a supplement to low calorie diets it can accelerated weight loss. The vitamin C status is inversely related to BMI. people with adequate vitamin C status can oxidize fat more efficiently than people with a vitamin C deficiency)
- Zinc (has a regulatory effect on the appetite centre in the brain)
- Essential fatty acids (omega 3 fatty acids, conjugated linoleic acid) can support weight loss. Omega 3 fatty acids also protect the arteries and may reduce the risk of atherosclerosis and heart attacks.